WHY RAPID WEIGHT/FAT LOSS IS NOT ALWAYS A GOOD THING!!!

Thats right you’ve read it correctly and I firmly stand by this statement and I have done for a while. It is now an expectation that people should lose massive amounts of weight/fat in a short space of time.
 
This preconception is what is causing people to fall of the wagon when they are actually going about losing weight/body fat in the right way because the scales aren’t necessarily corresponding with the effort they are putting in.
 
Their preconception is based off magazines, their mates going on juice diets, doing slimming world etc……
 
The problem is that all these diets put you in a constant hypo caloric (reduced calorie) state. Basically the calories you are burning are not being met by the calories going in, therefore it is inevitable you lose weight.
 
To prove how bad this is I am going to use myself as an example.
 
On the 9th January this year I started a intermittent fasting protocol (don’t eat 1st meal until midday) as I was a good stone overweight and wanted a nutritional protocol which I knew would get some weight off.
 
It worked, but worked a bit too well. I lost the stone within 13 days!!!!! Now normally you would look at that loss and timeframe and get all your mates and family patting you on the back and congratulating you but heres the thing, I felt worse for it!!!!!!! Yeah I looked better in the mirror but day by day felt like shit as I was in a constant massive calorie deficit. To compound this I had started rugby again after our Christmas break, increase training frequency in the gym by at least 2 sessions so my output (exercise) had increased but my input (calories) had decreased!!!!
 
Looking back its the definition of madness!!!!!
 
-my sugar cravings increased
-I ended up binging at night
-i had no energy
-I had lost muscle without a doubt
-my overall behaviour was up and down
 
In other words I had got it wrong. Long term this wasn’t going to get me anywhere. It was ok for maybe a week or so but then I needed to change it up to something which brought about change in a more controlled way while supporting the increased exercise I was doing.
 
We as a society now are so obsessed with the scales and as a result pay very little attention to how we might be negatively affecting our hormonal make-up for the worse, decreasing our metabolism or absolutely hammering our adrenals for example. The internal mechanisms if healthy and functioning properly long term are some of the key ingredients to you looking fantastic in front of that mirror or in that ball dress or on the beach but unfortunately we want that weight loss yesterday and as a result we are willing to risk messing up all these internal mechanisms and ultimately making us more unhealthy and that task even harder.
 
It is never too late to do things the right way.

TIPS TO OVERCOME SUGAR CRAVINGS

For those that have started your new diets over the last week or so no doubt over this early period you have experienced some sugar cravings throughout these last 10 days as you have dramatically cut down your sugar intake after the festive period. Cravings are not just a battle of will power it is your body telling you that something is going on that urgently needs your attention.

What we find is that if you remove the physiological problem that is causing the problem (gut issues etc) then the craving will go away with little to no mental battle required.

Two of the common causes of sugar cravings are GUT DYSBIOSIS and BLOOD SUGAR DYSREGULATION.

Gut dysbiosis is a disruption or imbalance of gut flora and good bacteria. It alters the pH of our intestines and tissues and increases intestinal permeability and affects every day tasks such as sleep, clouds our judgement on big and small decisions and can decrease our resilience to infection.

There is evidence that microbes within our gut may communicate with the brain VIA the vagus nerve and by producing neurotransmitters. These microbes within your gut say to your brain ‘feed me sugar’ or ‘feed me starch’. These opportunistic microbes favourite food source is sugar and starches so the only way to reduce sugar cravings is to restore healthy gut flora.

Blood sugar Dysregulation or Dysglycemia is a disorder with the metabolism and regulation of blood glucose levels. Unfortunately this condition has become an epidemic in our culture.

Restricting sugar when it has been so abundant in your diet over the past and when sugary products are so rife on the food shelves and when we have very strong signals being sent to the brain from our gut demanding sugar makes ignoring these sugar cravings even harder.

So I thought I would help you so here are some of my tips to help you overcome those sugar cravings and go about restoring healthy gut flora until your body adjusts to your new way of eating:

  1. If your sweet craving s are particularly for chocolate you should maybe consider supplementing with Magnesium. Specifically you should supplement with magnesium glycinate or magnesium citrate (about 300-500mg per day for a month). You should find that those sugar cravings decrease or even go away completely.
  2. Supplementing zinc has also been shown to increase leptin levels (supressed during zinc deficiency). Leptin is a hormone which is made by adipose cells that helps to inhibit hunger.
  3. Make sure you use herbs such as Cinnamon, Tumeric and/or Cumin to help improve insulin sensitivity.
  4. With regards to improving leptin sensitivity herbs such as black pepper, turmeric and Acetyl-L-carnitine (supplement form)

For any more help for you health and fitness requirements feel free to contact me at paul@paulcookpt.com

Women who weight train

Women who weight train

The most common fear expressed by women who weight train – and those afraid to start – is that they are increasing, or will increase in size.  This is often a frustration for physique and fitness coaches, as it is predicated upon society’s widely-held views; and is in no way a fault of the women themselves.

Sadly, our society (perhaps through the prominence on supermarket shelves of ‘Bodybuilding’ magazines) seems to have pervaded the belief that weight training can do more ‘harm’ than good, and that lifting weights will somehow automatically result in ‘arms like Arnie’.

Let me be clear, ladies – without adequate androgenic support and a massive surplus in calories you are not going to build massive amounts of muscle!!!

Compared to the male populace, females ‘suffer’ from a poor production of anabolic hormones such as testosterone and growth hormone (with males tending to produce 6-7 times the amount that women do), so whether their aim is to maintain or build lean muscles, or to get leaner, women should ‘take advantage’ of the small amount their bodies produce naturally. One way of doing this is through embarking on a regular and consistent weight training programme.

Hypertrophy (increasing muscle mass) takes significant time  – even for the evolutionary ‘blessed’ male population!  As such, my message to any woman who may be dismissing carrying on with/embarking upon a weight training regime is simple – unless you drastically change your hormonal structure (through ‘external sources’ shall we say) weight training will not ‘turn you in to a man’.

If you want a physique that resembles either the women in the photograph, or wish to develop the shape you’re currently in, then you will need to start with weight training or maintain and build on your current programme. Don’t be afraid to put some weight on that bar, load up that machine, or pick up those dumbbells – get lifting, and you can only improve your health and physique for the long term.

Talking food: Coconut Oil

One of the biggest misconceptions in recent time has been that coconut oil is bad for you because it contains saturated fat.

Coconut and coconut oil are one of the most healthiest things your body can ingest.

People from the Pacific islands and Asia have had this food in their diet for a long time now and not surprisingly this population have a decreased risk of things such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and degenerative diseases.

Coconut oil has a form of fat in it called medium chain triglycerides (MCT’s). Because of MCT’s physical and biochemical make-up it is much easier for the body to metabolise than its ‘long chain’ saturate fat counterparts.

On the whole when you ingest MCT’s they are preferentially used for energy by the body rather than stored and also help stimulate your fatty metabolism which is vital when wanting to programme your body to burn fat as a fuel for the day ahead.

Coconut oil can be cooked with, put in coffee and even had on its own.

Start bringing a teaspoon of coconut oil in at the start of the day as well as cooking your meals with it

Talking food: Avocados

Yes you are right avocado is high in fat but the main fat within avocado is monounsaturated which has huge health benefits, one of them being lowering cholesterol.

Avocados also have amazing antioxidant properties as well as being full of fibre.

There are a few grams of saturated fat within an avocado however saturated fat is necessary within your diet and also it is exactly the type of saturated fat you want (from a natural whole food and not from chips).

If you exercise a lot and what to find a healthy fat food high in antioxidants………..If you are looking for a food that can give you half your days fibre quota ……. And if you are looking for a food which has almost no effect on blood sugar then Avocado is your food!!!

These two walnut sized powerhouses might just be hindering your fat loss efforts

Lets face it fat loss is not easy. Our society these days on the whole is lazy compared to 100-200 years ago, most of us live life at 100mph, some burn the candle at both ends and to make it even worse most of us under eat and/or pick the easy processed food option.

Constantly living like this means that the only thing to suffer is our health. If we are not healthy we can forget about fat loss. Its a case of us surviving throughout the day instead of surviving, we are rolling out of bed instead of jumping out of bed, we are nodding off at our desks mid-afternoon instead of sealing vital business deals for your company.

We haven’t got an internal environment set up to sear fat or to build muscle and I hate to say it but you slogging your guts in the gym might be in vain or even worse detrimental to you, your health and fat loss efforts.

This is all because you may have Adrenal Fatigue at some level!

Now before I go explaining what the adrenals are, what adrenal fatigue is and what the signs and symptoms are don’t go jumping to conclusions thinking you have chronic adrenal fatigue. This blog is to make you aware of the syndrome and also making sure you don’t fall in to the trap that I did when starting my own business.

About 18 months ago I remember reading through a book that I had been recommended to by a fellow professional called ‘Adrenal Fatigue: The 21st Century Stress Syndrome’.

I remember reading it and looking through the symptoms of Adrenal Fatigue and there were about 6 out of the 25 symptoms on the page that I couldn’t associate with, all the others I was at that time possessing in some shape or form!

It was around the time when I first started running my own gym working 7 days a week, 14-16 hour days, staying within the confines of a gym day-in, day-out, sleeping terribly, eating poorly, not finding time for myself or people that were important to me, relying on stimulants such as coffee to keep me going throughout the day, the smaller tasks were seeming like mountains, I had no motivation to train and I was starting to get fat.

What made it even worse was that I was prescribing all nutritional and exercise protocols to my clients who I was trying to prevent creating these type of symptoms that I possessed at the time!

It was a wake-up call to me and I had to make changes on all fronts, business, lifestyle and family. If I was to continue like I was i don’t know where I would of ended up.

I wasn’t THRIVING I was merely surviving

It was time to change.

What is adrenal fatigue and where are your adrenals situated?

Adrenal fatigue covers a broad spectrum from you struggling to get out of bed in the morning to lacking motivation in something you used to be so passionate about. It is a condition that is usually not serious enough to feature on a TV programme or be considered medically as serious however if untreated or not addressed hormonally it can wreak havoc with your life.

With each incremental reduction in adrenal function, the chances of you burning fat as a fuel also reduce.

Your body will do its best to compensate for the underperforming adrenals but it does so at a price.

People with forms of adrenal fatigue may look relatively normal with no obvious sign of illnesss, yet behind the curtain they feel unwell, use stimulants like coffee to get through the day, have joint pain , frequent inflammation, abnormal blood sugar levels, increased anxiety, depression, fears, confusion, and decreased concentration, memory recall, tolerance and become easily frustrated. Also when the adrenals are not secreting proper amounts of hormones, insomnia is a likely outcome.

On the outside to friends and family you might appear to be lazy, unmotivated and to have lost your ambition which you once had when in reality the opposite is true. You have to drive yourself much harder than the average person with healthy adrenal glands just in order to accomplish everyday tasks.

The purpose of your adrenals is to help your body cope with stresses and survive. Your resiliency, energy, endurance and your life as a whole depend on the functioning properly.

They are known as the ‘napoleon gland’ just as napoleon was a small man with great power, these walnut sized glands situated on top of your kidneys command powerful hormones to extend their influence throughout the body which then translates in to your life. They affect every tissue, organ and gland in your body as well as affecting the way you think and feel.

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It is estimated that up to 80% of the adult population in western countries suffer on some level with adrenal fatigue!!!!

Adrenal fatigue in all its forms is usually caused by some sort of stress. This can be physical, emotional, psychological, environmental, infectious or a combination of all these. You need to know that your adrenals respond to all different kind of stresses the same wherever it comes fromUnknown-1

These stresses at their most severe can be such things as:

  • Death of a loved one
  • Major surgery
  • car accident

And less known stresses such as:

  • an abscessed tooth
  • a period with the flu
  • intense exercise
  • an unhappy relationship
  • an intense argument
  • pressure at work
  • environmental toxins
  • poor diet

Factors affecting the adrenals

It is imperative that you understand that if these smaller stresses occur simultaneously, they can accumulate and can possibly become chronic. This therefore means that the adrenals have no opportunity to fully recover therefore meaning that adrenal fatigue is more than likely to be present.

In short adrenal fatigue occurs when the amount of stress overextends the capacity of the body (mediated by the adrenals) to compensate and recover from that stress or combined stresses. once this capacity to cope and recover is exceeded, some form of adrenal fatigue occurs.

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How is adrenal fatigue hampering your fat loss efforts?

The hormones secreted by the adrenals influence so many physiological processes in your body. They are a massive player in affecting the utilisation of carbohydrates and fats, the conversion of protein and fats in to energy and also the distribution on stored fat (especially stubborn areas).

Who suffers from adrenal fatigue?

Anyone who:

  • Drives themselves constantly,
  • Is never satisfied and is a perfectionist,
  • Is under constant pressure,
  • Feels trapped or helpless,
  • Feels overwhelmed by repeated or continuous difficulties,
  • Has experienced severe or chronic emotional or physical trauma or illness.
  • Lacks enjoyable to rejuvenating activities
  • makes poor food choices
  • has a consistently poor sleep night after night
  • uses food and drinks as stimulants when tired

No one is immune to adrenal fatigue. From a top poiltician to a university student or the mother with more than one child and very little support to the factory worker with varying shift patterns. All these lifestyles in some way promote adrenal dysfunction which can lead to:

  • loss of productiveness
  • loss of creativity
  • poor business decisions
  • unhappiness
  • poor health
  • poor quality of life

Look at your Job and lifestyle 

There is no doubt about it some professions are harder not he adrenal glands than other. Shift work such as being a nurse in the NHS can be very hard on the adrenals. The long hours, the varying shift patterns, seeing trauma and being exposed to emotional situations are a lot of things for the adrenals to deal with.

Being a nurse is just one example but have a look at the questions below and answer them honestly.

Do you finish work at work or do you take it home with you?

Have you got time to switch off throughout the day and at weekends?

Does the stress with family life continue when you get home?

Do you have an interest/hobbie which is just for you?

Is 24 hours not enough time in the day?

Is you diet poor throughout the week?

Do you drink alcohol most nights of the week?

Do you rely on stimulants to get you through the day? (coffee etc)

Do you struggle to get to sleep and once asleep get in to a deep sleep?

These by no means are the definitive questions which would confirm whether you have some form of adrenal dysfunction but hopefully it may ring a few alarm bells and will mean you start to address your work/life balance if you haven’t already.

As some one who went through some level of adrenal fatigue make sure:

  • You put time aside for yourself
  • You put time aside for what you love (family, hobbies sport)
  • find a place at work which is quiet and tranquil where you can gather your thoughts for 10-15 minutes (park bench, quiet room)
  • Off all the 100’s of thoughts going through your head deal with 1 at a time. Also make sure you write them all down on paper so you are seen to be emptying your head
  • Find a well qualified personal trainer who can help you tidy up your nutrition and give you an exercise programme which isn’t too much of a stress on the body but is enough to create a training stimulus and make sure you
  • enjoy life!

This blog was written to help make you are aware of this condition which isn’t talked about enough yet it is so rife in our society. You will go to doctors with these sort of symptoms listed and they will prescribe you with medication which 9 times out of 10 is detrimental on your health and doesn’t address the root cause of the problem that you are facing.

Like I said earlier don’t go jumping to conclusions and think that you now have a severe form of adrenal fatigue because you have 9 out of the 12 symptoms listed!

Just take note that how you work and live your life affects your day to day running, productivity, happiness, creativity and I would hate you to fall in to the traps I did 18 months ago.

Talking Supplements: Melatonin

Melatonin is a neurohormone secreted by the pineal gland that helps regulate sleep. It is the reason why people tell you not to go to sleep watching TV or with any electrical devices as it appears to be sensitive to light therapy. And therefore the primary reason why people use melatonin is to normalise sleep patterns.

If you are a frequent flyer and suffer with jet lag, or work shift patterns or just general long and unsociable hours I would strongly recommend you trying Melatonin if you want to keep improving your fat loss + muscle building efforts as well as being productive throughout the day.

I would recommend taking 1 tablet 30-45 minutes before bed and you should find that you are falling in to a much deeper sleep.

Talking supplements: Fish Oil

Fish Oil is rife in our industry and is well know among health and fitness goers. The reason why fish oil is so highly recommended by fitness and nutritional professionals is to bring about the correct the omega-3 and omega-6 ration (1:1). Unfortunately our average diet which consists of high omega-6 products (red meat, eggs etc) has a ratio that can sometimes work up to 6:1 in omega-6’s favour.

Fish Oil provides a variety of benefits which are listed below:

– increase cognitive ability
-associated with healthier blood vessels
– decrease the risk of diabetes
– decrease the risk of several cancers including breast cancer
– Improves depression

Fish oil refers to two kinds of omega-3 fatty acids

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

These omega 3 fatty acids listed above are usually found in fish, animal products and phytoplankton. Fish oil is often recommended because it is the cheapest and most common form.

When the ration between omega-3 and omega-6 is right it can also influence which eicosanoids (signalling moleules) are released when the body is placed under stress. This is why it is so improtant to get the omega-3 and omega-6 balance right as fish oil primarily works through eicosanoids.

Dosage

For general health I would recommend between 500mg-1g per day however I have put people up to 6g daily who have been on a very poor diet. The more you can get EPA and DHA from your diet will mean less fish oil supplementation.

Talking food: Brussel Sprouts

With Christmas just more than a month away I thought I would right to talk about the benefits of one of the ‘marmite’ of vegetables, the brussel sprout!!!!

Brussel Sprouts have been show to help to detoxify nasty toxins that enter the body. These can be environmental toxins or alcohol from all the social events you will be going to over the next few weeks.

Within the brussel is sulforaphane which increases the production of an enzyme called ‘phase-2 enzymes,’ which help destroy damaging free radicals and help fight carcinogenesis (good cells transformed in to cancerous cells).

The active ingredient within brussels is sinigrin which is responsible for the smell of brussel sprouts. It can suppress the development of precancerous cells and has been shown to help reduce the incidence of cancers such as colon cancer.

Being a child who has seen both his parents die of cancer this food just from a health perspective is a no brainer even if it is just for the festive period.

Brussels also supply a great amount of folic acid, potassium and bone building vitamin k.

Whether you love or loth brussel spouts you can’t deny the health benefits of the food so make sure you include them on your plate over this festive period!!!

Talking Food: Dark Chocolate

This great food has been shown to have numerous health benefits. The health benefits are found in the flavonols and the anti-oxidants which can only be found in real cocoa. The benefits are listed below:

– helping lower blood pressure
– improving blood flow and preventing the formation of blood clots which in turn helps prevent arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
– Helps improve cognitive ability. This is achieved by the increase of blood flow to the brain
– helps improve mood. Dark chocolate contains phenylethylamine (PEA) which is the same chemical your brain creates when you feel like falling in love!!!!!! PEA encourages your brain to release endorphins, thus making you much happier
– Helps control blood sugar. This is largely due to the increase in blood flow making circulation of nutrients through the blood to the working muscles much more consistent and efficient. The flavonoids found in dark chocolate also help reduce insulin resistance by helping your cells functions normally and thus begin to use insulin efficiently
– Because Dark chocolate is full of antioxidants it can help free your body of free radicals, which cause oxidative damage to cells (especially when exercising). From a health perspective including antioxidant rich foods is a must to slow the signs of ageing and also reduce the risk of many types of cancer.

The dark chocolate you consume must be 85%+ dark chocolate from your online or local store.

Where do you bring this in?

– If you are prone to afternoon slumps bring this in just prior to the occurrence of a slump. Just 25g of 85%+ dark chocolate should do the job
– If you notoriously have sugar cravings at night having just 25g should help give you that feeling of fullness as well as the body feeling like it has been satisfied
– If you need you brain to work for the next couple of hours (meetings etc), have 25g, 30 minutes before you go in.

Dosage?

Again this is dependant on the individual and the time when it is taken however as a rule I always recommend 25g (small square) once a day with most people.
A lot of the time people mis-interpret what you say and end up eating the 250g slab in one sitting and the justify to their mates that its ok because it 85%+ and is a superfood!!!!
My advise would be start with 25g and see how much you can get away with.